In an innovative approach to an operational necessity, the campus will source nearly 90 percent of its heating and cooling from a recycled source of thermal energy — a sewer pipeline that runs through the site — rather than burning fossil fuels. It’s all part of our commitment to sustainability.
The planned system uses both sewer-heat recovery and a district energy approach. Sewer heat recovery systems pull thermal energy from wastewater instead of burning natural gas. Using this system, the 250-acre campus will avoid emitting an estimated 2,600 metric tons of carbon (CO2) per year.
Used water that goes down the drains of our showers, sinks, tubs, dishwashers, washing machines and toilets maintains a fairly constant temperature as it travels through the sewer pipe. In a sewer heat recovery system, a heat pump is used to capture the warmth of wastewater and transfer it to a clean water distribution pipe that enters individual buildings. It is a closed-loop system, meaning the wastewater never touches the clean water. The wastewater flows back into the sewer; the heat is transferred to the clean water that is distributed to heat and cool the buildings.
The wastewater pipeline on site today blocks access to the South Platte River. Crews will bury it, and the sewer-heat recovery system will harness its thermal energy to heat and cool campus buildings.
District energy systems pump warm water via a closed-loop network of pipes from a central plant to a group of buildings, instead of each building having its own heating and cooling system. The results are high efficiency, lower capital costs, and a reliable and resilient energy source during outages.
Based on its low-profile design, the district energy system will have virtually no external impact on surrounding uses.
Using a local source of recycled energy instead of emitting CO2 by burning fossil fuels is the emissions equivalent of eliminating 6.6 million passenger vehicle passenger miles every year. The impact is local and global.
Reducing fossil fuel use means reducing air pollution and associated health impacts. To build the system, crews will bury the sewer pipeline that runs alongside the river, alleviating its odors and opening up recreational space for all to enjoy.
Buildings will have efficient heating and cooling, even if natural gas is not available — opening the door for the campus to be a place of refuge during extreme weather events or outages.
Buildings everywhere have heating and cooling costs no matter the energy system. The cost for this innovative, custom approach is comparable to traditional systems over the long run, and not subject to price fluctuations of natural gas.
The system will be built and operated by EAS Energy Partners (EAS), through an agreement with the National Western Center. EAS is comprised of Enwave, the largest core-competency district energy operator in North America, AECOM Technical Services Inc. and Denver-based Saunders Construction.
Partners in the district energy system and its future users include the City and County of Denver, CSU Spur and the National Western Stock Show. The Metro Wastewater Reclamation District is providing thermal energy at no cost and has made possible the burying of its sewer pipeline that runs through the National Western Center site.
The 2015 National Western Center Master Plan set ambitious sustainability goals for the campus, including a principle to “embrace an ethic of regeneration” for the site itself.
As the campus redevelopment plan came together, the city of Denver project team approached the Metro Wastewater Reclamation District about the possibility of relocating its 7-foot-tall, aboveground pipeline that ran through the site, to allow access to the river from the campus.
At the time, Metro Wastewater was working on regulating the temperature of the clean wastewater (“effluent”) it returns to the South Platte River. Recognizing the potential environmental benefits of using thermal energy from the pipeline to heat and cool buildings, including cooling of the effluent, Metro Wastewater conducted studies to explore the possibility. Their study prompted further studies by the City and County of Denver, Metro Wastewater and Xcel Energy. The results confirmed this approach was technically feasible. Faculty and students at Colorado State University – a leader in sustainability, and the first institution in the world to achieve STARS Platinum ranking – also studied the system design.
City officials worked to identify a campus energy partner with the right expertise. In 2018 EAS was selected from among seven proposers in a competitive procurement, and the National Western Center signed a long-term energy agreement with EAS in 2020.
During design and construction, the system will bring new employment opportunities, including specifically for minority and women-owned businesses. EAS Energy Partners will also incorporate educational tours for school groups. The CSU Spur campus, when opened in 2022, will host ongoing research and student learning, in collaboration with EAS.
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