In an innovative approach to an operational necessity, the campus will source nearly 90 percent of its heating and cooling from a recycled source of thermal energy — a sewer pipeline that runs through the site — rather than burning fossil fuels. It’s all part of our commitment to sustainability.
The planned system uses both sewer-heat recovery and a district energy approach. Sewer heat recovery systems pull thermal energy from wastewater instead of burning natural gas. Using this system, the 250-acre campus will avoid emitting an estimated 2,600 metric tons of carbon (CO2) per year.
Used water that goes down the drains of our showers, sinks, tubs, dishwashers, washing machines and toilets maintains a fairly constant temperature as it travels through the sewer pipe. In a sewer heat recovery system, a heat pump is used to capture the warmth of wastewater and transfer it to a clean water distribution pipe that enters individual buildings. It is a closed-loop system, meaning the wastewater never touches the clean water. The wastewater flows back into the sewer; the heat is transferred to the clean water that is distributed to heat and cool the buildings.
The wastewater pipeline on site today blocks access to the South Platte River. Crews will bury it, and the sewer-heat recovery system will harness its thermal energy to heat and cool campus buildings.
District energy systems pump warm water via a closed-loop network of pipes from a central plant to a group of buildings, instead of each building having its own heating and cooling system. The results are high efficiency, lower capital costs, and a reliable and resilient energy source during outages.
Using a local source of recycled energy instead of emitting CO2 by burning fossil fuels is the emissions equivalent of eliminating 6.6 million passenger vehicle passenger miles every year. The impact is local and global.
Reducing fossil fuel use means reducing air pollution and associated health impacts. To build the system, crews will bury the sewer pipeline that runs alongside the river, alleviating its odors and opening up recreational space for all to enjoy.
Buildings will have efficient heating and cooling, even if natural gas is not available — opening the door for the campus to be a place of refuge during extreme weather events or outages.
Buildings everywhere have heating and cooling costs no matter the energy system. The cost for this innovative, custom approach is comparable to traditional systems over the long run, and not subject to price fluctuations of natural gas.
The system will be built and operated by EAS Energy Partners (EAS), through an agreement with the National Western Center. EAS is comprised of Enwave, the largest core-competency district energy operator in North America, AECOM Technical Services Inc. and Denver-based Saunders Construction.
Partners in the district energy system and its future users include the City and County of Denver, CSU Spur and the National Western Stock Show. The Metro Wastewater Reclamation District is providing thermal energy at no cost and has made possible the burying of its sewer pipeline that runs through the National Western Center site.
The 2015 National Western Center Master Plan set ambitious sustainability goals for the campus. The idea of using sewer heat recovery technology originated from the Metro Wastewater Reclamation District, which owns the pipeline that runs through the site, and faculty at Colorado State University – a leader in sustainability, and the first institution in the world to achieve STARS Platinum ranking.
CSU students conducted initial studies in collaboration with Metro Wastewater to explore the possibility of using thermal energy from the sewer to heat and cool buildings on the campus. Their study prompted further studies by the City and County of Denver, Metro Wastewater and Xcel Energy. When the results confirmed this approach was technically feasible, city officials worked to identify a campus energy partner with the right expertise. In 2018 EAS was selected from among seven proposers in a competitive procurement, and the National Western Center signed a long-term energy agreement with EAS in 2020.
During design and construction, the system will bring new employment opportunities, including specifically for minority and women-owned businesses. EAS Energy Partners will also incorporate educational tours for school groups. The CSU Spur campus, when opened in 2022, will host ongoing research and student learning, in collaboration with EAS.
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